Blood cancer

Blood cancer

 Types of blood cancer: -

 Leukemia (leukemia)

 Acute myeloblastic leukemia

 Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

 Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

 B.  Lymphoma: (a type of blood cancer caused by lymph nodes)

 Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma,

 Lymphoblastic lymphoma etc.

 C.  Myeloma and plasma cell leukemia: Bosnad cancer caused by plasma cells.

 Symptoms of Blood Cancer: -

 If the blood cells are not produced in the right amount, anemia, hemorrhage and immunity are reduced and the death of the patient is closer.

 Symptoms of anemia: -

 Such as fatigue and weakness, shortness of breath, palpitations, etc.

 Increases the tendency of infection in the body.  This can lead to persistent fever.

 Bleeding problems can occur, such as bleeding in the nose, gums, eyes and skin, and excessive bleeding during menstruation.

 Pain in the body or bones, pain in the joints.

 Enlargement of the liver and spleen.

 Enlargement of lymph nodes in the throat, armpits or elsewhere.

 Causes of Bosnad Cancer: -

 Factors that increase the risk of blood cancer are genetic, environmental and occupational factors.

 Radioactivity: A bomb explodes.

 Chemicals: Chemicals used in benzene, petrol and plastics factories.

 Genetic Disorders: Anemia, Down Syndrome.  Abnormal growth of blood cells due to excess of oncogen or inability of tumor suppressor gene leads to Bosnad cancer.

 Ways to prevent:

 Patients who receive chemotherapy and radiotherapy together are about 20 times more likely to develop Bosnad cancer.

 Radioactivity should be avoided.

 Exposure to chemicals should be avoided.

 Special care must be taken when working in the X-ray department and the nuclear department.

 Smoking and tobacco jorda should be avoided.

 Risk of Blood Cancer: - In our country, 4 to 5 lakh people are getting Bosnad cancer every year.  According to that estimate, out of 150 million people, 7-8 thousand people are being infected every year.

 Reasons for high risk: -

 Excessive use of chemicals in agricultural work.

 Not taking safety measures in the factory.

 Environmental pollution.

 Blood Cancer Diagnosis: -

 X Examining CBC and Bosnad film initially gives an idea about Bosnad cancer.

 Bonamarrow and trifine biopsy examination: Examination by collecting bone marrow from the lumbar bone.

 Lymph node FNAC and biopsy: Tissue from lymph nodes.

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